Philip Waller is an Emeritus Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, where he was Tutor in Modern History from 1971 to 2008. He was also sometime Senior Tutor and Sub-Warden of the college, and has held visiting professorships at University of South Carolina and Colorado College. He is author of Democracy and Sectarianism: A Political and Social History of Liverpool, 1868-1939 (Liverpool University Press, 1981); Town, City, and Nation: England 1850-1914 (Oxford University Press, 1983); (Oxford University Press, 2006; paperback, 2008). He is editor of Politics and Social Change in Modern Britain (Harvester, 1987), and co-editor of The Chronology of the Modern World (Helicon, 1994), and Chronology of the 20th Century (Helicon, 1995; 1996). He has published essays and articles in various symposia, journals, and magazines, and has been editor of the oldest and foremost journal of historical scholarship in the English-speaking world, The English Historical Review .