Sophocles (ca. 496-406 B.C.) provides the central link that ties together the dramatic careers of the three famous Greek tragedians. As a young playwright he became a rival of Aeschylus (ca. 525-456). Shortly after the latter’s death, Euripides (ca. 485-407) produced his first plays, and the two younger tragedians were rivals for almost fifty years in what was a highly competitive art form. The main theatre festival in Athens, held annually in honor of the god Dionysus, required three tragic playwrights to produce four plays each as part of a competition, three tragedies and a satyr play (a light afterpiece that had a chorus of satyrs). In his over sixty-year theatrical career Sophocles became the preeminent tragedian of the fifth …
We have have no profile for this entry. If you are a qualified scholar and you wish to write for The Literary Encyclopedia, please click here to contact us.
Beer, Josh (D. G.) . "Sophocles". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 05 November 2012
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=4151, accessed 21 July 2017.]
Articles on Sophocles' works
- Ichneutai [Trackers]
- Oedipus Tyrannus [Oedipus the King]
- Trachiniae [Women of Trachis]