Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock

(2045 words)
  • Kevin Hilliard (St. Peter's College, Oxford)

Between 1750 and 1780, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock was the most celebrated poet in Germany. He was a key figure of the German literary revival of the later 18th century. He redefined the sublime style for a whole generation of writers. Goethe, Schiller, Hölderlin, and many others acknowledged, admired, imitated, and resisted him in varying degrees; none could afford to ignore his example. A number of his lyric poems remain part of the canon of German verse to this day.

Klopstock was born into a middle-class family on 2 July 1724 in the ancient city of Quedlinburg. The Lutheran piety he absorbed in his early years was the dominant intellectual influence in his life. It was complemented by an equally firm grounding i…

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.

Citation:
Hilliard, Kevin. "Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 14 July 2004
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=2535, accessed 17 September 2014.]