Ernest Fenollosa was born on February 18, 1853, in Salem, Massachusetts, to the Spanish-born Manuel Fenollosa, violinist and music teacher, and a local girl, Mary Silsbee. Manuel had converted to Anglicanism prior to their marriage two years earlier. There is little evidence that Fenollosa's Spanish provenance had any formative effect on his life. He was, however, a rather shy and scholarly boy who wrote poetry from his adolescence. He entered Harvard in the autumn of 1870, and was among the undergraduates founding a Spencer Club. In his graduate years he also discovered Hegel. These two thinkers formed the lodestars of his subsequent intellectual development. Thus, in 1906, in an editorial written in his sixtieth year for The …
Surette, Leon. "Ernest Francisco Fenollosa". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 August 2007; last revised 30 November -1.
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