Editors. "Isaac de Pinto". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 05 April 2008
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=12070, accessed 01 December 2015.]
Born in Amsterdam into a wealthy family of mercantile Jewish-Portuguese origins in 1771, Isaac de Pinto was a scholar and became widely known for his reflections on economic matters. He was one of the main investors in the Dutch East India Company and advised the stadholder William IV of Orange on financial matters, helping to arrange funding for the Dutch armies in their defeat of the defeat of the French at Bergen op Zoom. He defended the Jews against political attack, notably by Voltaire, in his Apologie pour la Nation Juive, ou Réflexions Critiques (1762), which he sent in manuscript as a reply to Voltaire and for which he received his thanks. In the same year he published in Amsterdam an influential commentary on the …
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.