In the summer of 1894 after John Dewey – American pragmatist, educator, and labor advocate – was appointed chair of philosophy at the University of Chicago, he took the train ride from Ann Arbor, Michigan to Chicago. He barely made it. Eugene Debs and the American Railway Union had effectively shut down all rail traffic west of Chicago, and the only way into the city was on trains without Pullman sleeping cars attached to them. After Debs was arrested and the strike broken, Dewey wrote to his wife Alice, then in Europe on vacation, that the strike and all its violence had indeed accomplished something: It had gotten “the social organism thinking” (Menand 297).

This anecdote encapsulates thematically John …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Citation:
Jackson, Brian. "John Dewey". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 22 September 2008
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=1247, accessed 02 September 2015.]