Gibran Khalil Gibran, later known as Kahlil Gibran (1883–1931), was a Lebanese-born writer of poetry and fiction and a well-known figure in the mahjar [emigré] school of Arab-American writers. He was born on 6 January 1883 in the town of Bisharri, Lebanon, near the grove of cedars on the edge of the Wadi Qadisha [The Holy or Sacred Valley] – a place which would appear in his writings as a major symbol of all that was sacred and mystical in his beloved homeland.

Gibran’s mother, Kamileh Istiphan Rahmeh, was a widow when she married her second husband, Khalil Gibran, father of the poet. Gibran’s full name in Arabic, therefore, was Gibran Khalil Gibran. As convention demanded, the middle name (i…

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Bushrui, Suheil. "Khalil Gibran". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 27 September 2015
[, accessed 28 November 2015.]