Elena Poniatowska, the daughter of a Polish count and an upper-class Mexican mother, was born in Paris in 1933. In 1942 the family left war-torn France for Mexico where Poniatowska was educated in an English school. French continued to be spoken in the home and she learned Spanish from her family’s servants, which Poniatowska claims gave her “sympathetic feelings” for the poor and an understanding of their problems (García Pinto, 1991: 166). Such empathy has become increasingly evident in her work as she has addressed the plight of those denied a voice in Mexican society, whether they be political prisoners, the homeless, or victims of government repression and natural disaster. As she explained in 1996, “I write when …

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Brewster, Claire. "Elena Poniatowska". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 16 November 2009
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=12650, accessed 28 September 2016.]