Best known as “Bosie”, the friend and lover of Oscar Wilde, Alfred Douglas was a poet, editor and translator, who produced over twenty volumes of prose and poetry, including Poèmes (1896), The City of the Soul (1899), Sonnets (1909), and In Excelsis (1924). In spite of his literary productivity, he is regarded as having written only a few memorable lyrics and sonnets, among the most notable the series written after his reunion with Wilde in Naples in 1897 and published two years later in The City of the Soul.

Alfred Bruce Douglas was born at Ham Hill, near Worcester, on 22 October 1870, the third son of John Sholto Douglas, ninth Marquess of Queensberry (known as “Q&…

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Desmarais, Jane. "Lord Alfred Douglas". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 13 October 2014
[, accessed 05 July 2015.]