Camara Laye was born in Kouroussa, in Upper Guinea. (His first name is Laye, a short form of Abdoulaye, and the family name is Camara, but he always published as Camara Laye.) He wrote the first African novel in French after the Second World War, and gained international recognition. L’Enfant Noir [translated as The Black Child or The African Child] (1953) is popular in both anglophone and francophone African countries. In France it is regularly taught in elementary schools and was made into a film in 1995 by Laurent Chevallier.

L’Enfant Noir describes Laye’s life as a child in the compound of his father. The plot is organized in a pattern to show the gradual widening of the child’s …

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King, Adele. "Camara Laye". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 03 January 2012
[, accessed 28 September 2016.]