William Schwenck Gilbert (1836-1911) and Arthur Sullivan (1842-1900) co-authored the “Savoy operas” – the name given to the operettas which were commissioned by Richard D'Oyly Carte (1844-1901), who built the Savoy theatre in the Strand for them (1881) – as he later built the Royal English Opera House (now the Palace) for Sullivan's Ivanhoe in 1891. Carte had intended to become a composer, but began in theatre management in 1874 with opéra bouffes by Serpette (1846-1901) and Lecocq (1832-1918). Gilbert was a journalist and barrister and dramatist, writing opera burlesques, while Sullivan, the son of an Irish musician with a career in military music, had studied as a star pupil at the Royal …
Tambling, Jeremy. "Sir W. S. Gilbert". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 January 2003; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=1740, accessed 21 April 2015.]