Antonio Gramsci was a militant intellectual and communist leader in interwar Italy. He was politically active during the crisis of Italy's liberal institutions and their subsequent replacement by Mussolini's fascist dictatorship. Gramsci ended up in gaol as a “subversive” of the regime. Imprisoned for over ten years before his death (in Rome, on conditional release), nevertheless he succeeded in writing a vast collection of notes and essays on political, philosophical and cultural matters. When published after the Second World War, these “Prison Notebooks” and particularly their guiding concept – hegemony – became a major source for the revision of Marxist theory and politics. His insights have earned Gramsci the status of �…

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Martin, James. "Antonio Gramsci". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 21 October 2008
[, accessed 01 October 2016.]