Guy de Maupassant

(2464 words)
  • Peter Cogman (University of Southampton)

Maupassant was born at the château de Miromesnil, administrative district of Tourville-sur-Arques, Normandy, on 5 August 1850. His father Gustave de Maupassant (whose aristocratic “de” dated only from the 18th century) had private means, but financial losses forced him to seek work as a bank cashier in Paris in 1859. His mother Laure, cultivated and hypersensitive, was from the rich Norman bourgeoisie; her brother, Alfred Le Poittevin (1816-1848), had been a close friend of Flaubert. Dissensions between his parents, due in part to his father's infidelities, led to their separation in 1860.

Educated initially in Paris (1859-1860) Maupassant moved with his mother to Normandy; he remained attached to the Norman …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Cogman, Peter. "Guy de Maupassant". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 17 June 2003
[, accessed 27 November 2015.]

Articles on Maupassant's works

  1. Boule de Suif
  2. Le Horla [The Horla]
  3. Pierre et Jean [Pierre and Jean]
  4. Sur l'eau [Afloat]
  5. Une vie [A Life]