Sir Isaac Newton

(6778 words)
  • Robert Iliffe (Imperial College London)

Sir Isaac Newton's contributions to our understanding of the physical world remain astonishing, even three hundred years after his death. Famous for his discovery of the laws of motion and for his formulation of the law of Universal Gravitation, his concepts underpin the modern understanding of the cosmos and of matter itself. His innovations in mathematical calculus and in physical optics are part of all secondary school syllabi in the modern world, not to mention every lens in every optical device. After a dismal childhood, and a reclusive existence at Trinity College Cambridge, he rose to prominence as an internationally renowned mathematician and scientist. In later years Sir Isaac Newton became Master of the Mint, President of the R…

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Iliffe, Robert. "Sir Isaac Newton". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 14 May 2005
[, accessed 28 September 2016.]