Frank Norris

(923 words)
  • Jude Davies (University of Winchester)

Frank Norris was one of a number of American novelists who, around the close of the nineteenth century, extended the scope of “serious” fiction to include social issues of sexuality, commodification, and economic class. Along with Stephen Crane and Theodore Dreiser, Norris is regarded as one of the most important practitioners of “literary naturalism” (q.v.). This contemporary term signalled the bringing together of realist description with an appeal to natural science, especially the theories of Darwin, Spencer and (especially in Norris's case), Berkeley professor Joseph Le Conte, to explain the social and commercial developments of the USA.

Frank Norris was born in 1870, into a family shortly to become prosperous due …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Davies, Jude. "Frank Norris". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 20 October 2001
[, accessed 25 September 2016.]

Articles on Norris' works

  1. McTeague
  2. The Octopus
  3. The Responsibilities of the Novelist