Charles Sanders Peirce, generally regarded today as the founder of semiotics, was in his own lifetime recognised as a logician, astronomer and chemist. His most noteworthy contributions to the fields of semiotics and pragmatics were not published in his lifetime and only achieved recognition in the 1930s. His influence can be seen in the works of scholars such as Mikhail Bakhtin (1895-1975), Roman Jakobson (1896-1982), M.A.K. Halliday (1925-) and Thomas Sebeok (1920-2001).
Peirce was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on 10th September 1839. His mother, Sarah Hunt Mills, came from a distinguished family and was the daughter of a US senator, and his father, Benjamin Peirce, was a noted mathematician who …
Trimarco, Paola. "Charles Sanders Peirce". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 15 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=3526, accessed 23 February 2017.]