Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880), born Jakob Ebst in Cologne in Germany, was composer of over a hundred one-act and full-length operettas for the Second Empire in Paris. He became a naturalised Frenchman in 1860 and a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur in 1861. He was the son of a popular musician, music teacher and synagogue cantor, Isaac Juda Eberst who changed his name to Offenbach, the place from which he came. Alongside his brother, Offenbach studied music in Paris, and played the cello in the Opera-Comique, the operatic home of French operas which used spoken dialogue, and which had originally opened in 1715 (and where his masterpiece, the Contes d'Hoffmann was premiered, posthumously, in 1881 – the only one of his works to h…
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Tambling, Jeremy. "Jacques Offenbach". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 18 July 2002
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=5159, accessed 26 July 2017.]