Gabrielle Roy

(2698 words)
  • Lorna Hutchison (University of Winnipeg)
  • Sophie Marcotte (Concordia University, Canada)

One of the most important figures in the history of French Canadian literature, Gabrielle Roy is known primarily for her first novel published in 1945, Bonheur d’occasion, which was translated into English as The Tin Flute and then into at least fifteen other languages.

Roy was born in St. Boniface, Manitoba, on March 22, 1909. She was the youngest child of Leon Roy, a French interpreter for the federal government, and Mélina Landry, who had moved to Manitoba from Quebec at the end of the nineteenth century. Roy was never close to her father, who was 62 when she was born. However, as she writes in her two-part autobiography Enchantment and Sorrow (1984), she enjoyed a good …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Hutchison, Lorna, Sophie Marcotte. "Gabrielle Roy". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 17 November 2003
[, accessed 27 November 2015.]