Luís de Camões

(2166 words)
  • Thomas Earle (Oxford University)

Luís de Camões (1524-1580) is the national poet of Portugal and one of the greatest literary figures of sixteenth-century Europe. Intellectual and man of action, he was the first major European writer to spend much of his life outside Europe. His most famous work, the epic Os Lusíadas (1572) (The Lusiads) many times translated into English, recounts the first voyage to India of Vasco da Gama (1497-99) in the wider context of the history of Portugal. In this learned, Virgilian epic Camões explores the ambiguities of heroic action and avoids writing a simple eulogy of Portuguese imperial endeavour. As a love poet he was equally successful with the verse forms typical of the late medieval period and with sonnets …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Earle, Thomas. "Luís de Camões". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 04 October 2004
[, accessed 28 November 2015.]

Articles on Camões' works

  1. Os Lusíadas [The Lusiads]