Paul Ricoeur was born on February 27, 1913 in Valence, France. His mother died six months after his birth and he was orphaned in 1915 when his father, an English teacher, was killed in the Battle of the Marne. Ricoeur was then brought up, along with his elder sister, by his paternal grandparents and an aunt in Rennes. He obtained his “licence en philosophie” from the University of Rennes in 1933, and then commenced graduate studies at the Sorbonne. He was mobilised during the war and captured in 1940. While a prisoner-of-war at Dormans, he became interested in Karl Jaspers and also began his translation of Husserl's Ideen I. After the war he taught for three years in a French secondary school. Ricoeur was then employed as a …

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O'Sullivan, Michael. "Paul Ricoeur". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 March 2005
[, accessed 04 July 2015.]