Charlotte Brontë

(2495 words)
  • Judy Giles (University College of Ripon and York St John)

Charlotte Brontë was born on 21 April 1816 at Thornton, a small township close to the centre of Bradford in the West Riding of Yorkshire. Four years later her father, Patrick Brontë, a scholarly clergyman with Evangelical views, took up the curacy of nearby Haworth and the Brontë family were to live in Haworth parsonage for the rest of their lives. Haworth benefited from the social and economic changes of the early nineteenth century and in 1820 was not the isolated, rural village beloved of Brontë myth but a bustling centre with a vibrant cultural and political life. Nevertheless, Haworth village was set in some of the most dramatic and bleak scenery in England: Mrs Gaskell, Brontë’s first biographer, wrote “the sinuous hills s…

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Giles, Judy. "Charlotte Brontë". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 17 July 2001
[, accessed 01 October 2016.]

Articles on Brontë's works

  1. Jane Eyre
  2. Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell
  3. Shirley
  4. Villette

Related Groups

  1. Gothic, Grotesque & Supernatural Fiction