Structuralism emerged in the 1950s in France and became a major force in the 1960s mainly through the influence of the writings of the social anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss, particularly his book La Pensée Sauvage (1962), and the literary critic, Roland Barthes. It is a method of analysing cultural phenomena that is largely derived from the linguistics of the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913). Russian Formalism and the Prague Linguistic Circle in the 1920s and 1930s in their innovatory work in literary criticism and theory to some extent anticipated structuralism. Roman Jakobson is a particularly significant precursor of French structuralism in that he was a Russian Formalist who left Russia for Prague, …
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Newton, Ken. "Structuralism". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 27 September 2007
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1063, accessed 21 July 2017.]