Structuralism

(1650 words)

Literary/ Cultural Context Essay

Structuralism emerged in the 1950s in France and became a major force in the 1960s mainly through the influence of the writings of the social anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss, particularly his book La Pensée Sauvage (1962), and the literary critic, Roland Barthes. It is a method of analysing cultural phenomena that is largely derived from the linguistics of the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913). Russian Formalism and the Prague Linguistic Circle in the 1920s and 1930s in their innovatory work in literary criticism and theory to some extent anticipated structuralism. Roman Jakobson is a particularly significant precursor of French structuralism in that he was a Russian Formalist who left Russia for Prague, …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.

Citation:
Newton, Ken. "Structuralism". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 27 September 2007
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1063, accessed 30 October 2014.]


Related Groups

  1. Critical Theory
  2. Poststructuralism and Deconstruction
  3. Structuralism