Editors. "Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation issued". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 March 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=10942, accessed 26 November 2014.]
President Lincoln issues his preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, declaring that on Jan 1, 1863, slaves in areas still in rebellion would be declared free.
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