On the 4th of July, 1881 American educator and author Booker T. Washington (5th April, 1856 - 14th November, 1915) became the first leader of the Tuskegee Institute, a teacher training college for the Black community, in Tuskegee, Alabama. Traditionally such positions were held by whites, but Washington, born into slavery to a black mother and white father, successfully showed strong vision and leadership, combined with a determination that his students would learn the skills to make them self-reliant.
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