Congress of Vienna closes

(129 words)
  • Editors

Historical Context Note

After final act is passed. Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg are united to form the Netherlands (by Act of May 31st), Switzerland is to be neutral, East Poland is ceded to Russia and the Western Provinces of Poland to Prussia, Cracow becomes an independent republic, Lombardy and Venetia are restored to Austria, Prussia gains the Rhineland and the northern region of Saxony, Hanover obtains East Friesland and Hildesheim, the German Confederation is established under Presidency of Austria (by Act of 8th June), the Bourbon monarch Ferdinand VII is restored in Spain, the Braganza dynasty returns to the Portuguese throne, Ferdinand IV is recognised as King of Two Sicilies, the Pope and the minor Italian princes are restored, and Britain retains …
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Editors. "Congress of Vienna closes". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 March 2010
[, accessed 30 September 2016.]

Related Groups

  1. Napoleonic Wars: 1803-1815