In October 1641 a rebellion broke out in the province of Ulster in the north of Ireland in response to the systematic dispossession of Catholics by English and Scottish Protestant settlers. In December of that year there were lurid reports of the massacres perpetrated by Catholics, and bloody reprisals by Protestants. Thousands died.
In March 1642, the English parliament passed the Adventurer’s Act which set out funding arrangements for a military expedition to crush the rebellion. The Act offered financial rewards toboth military personnel and merchant adventurers who funded the war. However, the outbreak of the Civil War in England in 1642 prevented action until the execution of King Charles in January 1649 brought a …
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Clark, Robert. "Irish Rebellion and Repression 1641-53, and the Down Survey, 1656-58". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 January 2014
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=19361, accessed 22 May 2017.]