John Fisher and Sir Thomas More executed

(310 words)

Historical Context Note

  • The Literary Encyclopedia. Volume : .

Both John Fisher and Thomas More were high profile scholars who fell foul of Henry VIII's determination to divorce Catherine of Aragon and declare himself Head of the Church of England.

John Fisher was a bishop of the Roman Catholic Church, and Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University since 1501. He was close to Catherine of Aragon, and became her chief defendant in the legatine court convened to judge the legitimacy of her marriage to Henry VIII. He attempted to avoid confronting the issue of the Royal Supremacy by avoiding taking the Oath of Supremacy, but his downfall came when, in May 1535, the Pope made Fisher a Cardinal. Henry VIII decreed this to act in defiance of his position as Head of the Church, and convicted Fisher of t…

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  1. Anglican Reformation 16th Century - Politics and Religion