Scottish troops occupy Kelso near the English border

(123 words)

Historical Context Note

When Charles I of England and Scotland, in association with his Archbishop William Laud, decided to bring the Church of Scotland more into line with its more high-church English counterpart, it met with outrage from Scots. A group of Presbyterian Scottish lords drew up a 'National Covenant' to voice their protest and demands. At a meeting of the General Assembly of the Kirk in Glasgow Cathedral, the Covenanters defied the King's authority, proceeded to abolish episcopy in Scotland.

Charles took the view that he could - and should - quash the Covenanting movement by military force, and took an army of 20,000 men to the English side of the border, at Berwick-upon-Tweed. The Covenanters responded by setting up camp across the border a…

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