The Gordon Riots took their name from Lord George Gordon, third son of the third Duke of Gordon and leader of anti-Catholic elements in England and Scotland, who touched off the riots by leading a demonstration to demand that Parliament repeal the Catholic Relief Act (18 George III, c. 60) of 1778. This act had repealed some of the constraints on Catholics – such as their ability to hold public office – which had been in place since the seventeenth century (see the Clarendon Code). Gordon was the fanatical …
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Clark, Robert. "Gordon Riots". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 02 December 2007
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=479, accessed 26 May 2017.]