The Pre-Raphaelite movement in English art and literature began in 1848 when seven young men — William Holman Hunt (1827-1910), John Everett Millais 1829-1896), Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882), William Michael Rossetti (1829-1919), James Collinson (1825-1881), Frederick George Stephens (1828-1907), and Thomas Woolner (1825-1892) — decided to form an artistic brotherhood. Hunt, Millais, and Dante Gabriel Rossetti were recognized from the start as the group's most important members.
They began with a revolt against the rules and conventions taught at the Royal Academy schools. They wanted, they said, to recapture the directness of vision that they admired in early Italian and Flemish art. Since associate and full members o…
Brooks, Michael. "Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 25 August 2007
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=894, accessed 21 January 2017.]