The Long Parliament called a “Westminster Assembly” in 1643 to
reform the church. It comprised 30 members from both houses and 121
ministers from various religious persuasions. The Presbyterians put
forward a “Westminster Confession” which was accepted by Parliament
in 1648 and led to the domination of the English church during the
Commonwealth and Protectorate by Presbyterian principles. The
Westminster Assembly also drew up a Directory of Worship (1644) to
replace the Book of Common Prayer.
After the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660, Charles II’s Act
of Uniformity (1662) led to the resignation or expulsion of more
than 2000 Presbyterian ministers and the decline of Presbyterian
influence in England.…
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