The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands as military governor with 10,000 veteran Spanish and Italian troops. He establishes a 'Council of Troubles' to subdue the territory after its recent Calvinist rebellion. It soon becomes known as the 'Council of Blood', because it institutes a reign of terror, especially since the revolt it was designed to quell was already defeated, making its campaign one of revenge rather than security.
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Editors. "Spain seeks to crush the Dutch revolt". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 March 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=10137, accessed 29 May 2017.]