The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands as military governor with 10,000 veteran Spanish and Italian troops. He establishes a 'Council of Troubles' to subdue the territory after its recent Calvinist rebellion. It soon becomes known as the 'Council of Blood', because it institutes a reign of terror, especially since the revolt it was designed to quell was already defeated, making its campaign one of revenge rather than security.
Editors. "Spain seeks to crush the Dutch revolt". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 March 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=10137, accessed 13 December 2013.]