In 1654 Jews began to arrive in New Amsterdam, having fled the Portuguese reconquest of Dutch territory in Brazil. Jewish people had arrived in Brazil earlier in the 16th century from the Netherlands, where many had settled in order to escape the Inquisition in Spain and Portugal.
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.