Editors. "The Black Hawk War begins". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 March 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=10877, accessed 22 December 2014.]
Black Hawk, chief of the Sauk Indians, crosses the Mississippi River to plant corn on the tribe's old fields in Illinois, after his community has failed to support itself in the new land they were given in Iowa. Capt. The Sauk surrendered in August, after many older men, women, and children were massacred in Wisconsin while carrying white flags.
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.