In 1844 the American Baptist Home Mission Society declared that a slave owner could not be a missionary, a decision influenced by northern Baptists' opposition to slavery. In 1845 southern Baptists decided to challenge this ruling by nominating a slave owner as a missionary. The Home Mission Society's rejected the nomination and so prompted the formation of the Southern Baptist Convention in Augusta, Georgia, a breakaway denomination who believed the Bible justified slave ownership for Christians. In 1995 the SBC formally apologized for its defense of slavery.
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