In 1864 Ulysses S. Grant (27th April, 1822 - 23rd July, 1885)
was promoted by President Lincoln to become the Commanding General
of the Union Army. By 1864 Grant had already led a series of
successful campaigns, including capture of Kentucky and Tennessee
and, most significantly, the Siege of Vicksburg in 1863, which had
given the Union full control of the Mississippi River and
undermined Southern morale.
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- American Civil War