Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator who led an anti-Roman revolt of outstanding magnitude involving auxiliary soldiers, slaves, and even free men drawn out of rural populations, all across Italy. His army was ultimately crushed by Crassus, and he was himself killed in the battle.
Bouchard, Elsa. "Revolt of Spartacus". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 March 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=11398, accessed 20 August 2014.]