Sir Richard Arkwright (1732-1792) was born into the working-class in Preston, Lancashire, and became self-educated entrepreneur. He began his working life as a wig-maker and became interested in the spinning of cotton fibres. Drawing inspiration from Crompton’s “spinning mule” and Hargreaves’ “spinning jenny” he developed a machine which was able to turn raw cotton into high-quality cotton thread in one operation. The machine, patented in 1769, was called a “water frame” because it was designed to be powered by a water mill and comprised a …
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Clark, Robert. "Arkwright's water frame". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 23 January 2004
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1360, accessed 22 July 2017.]