Arkwright's water frame

(570 words)

Historical Context Essay

  • The Literary Encyclopedia. Volume : .

Sir Richard Arkwright (1732-1792) was born into the working-class in Preston, Lancashire, and became self-educated entrepreneur. He began his working life as a wig-maker and became interested in the spinning of cotton fibres. Drawing inspiration from Crompton’s “spinning mule” and Hargreaves’ “spinning jenny” he developed a machine which was able to turn raw cotton into high-quality cotton thread in one operation. The machine, patented in 1769, was called a “water frame” because it was designed to be powered by a water …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Clark, Robert. "Arkwright's water frame". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 23 January 2004
[, accessed 10 October 2015.]