Editors. "Opposition to the restoration of the Medici in Florence". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14435, accessed 08 December 2013.]
In the treaty that concluded the War of the League of Cognac in June, Charles V pledged to restore and uphold the rule of the Medici in Florence. However, the family now encounter popular opposition to their restoration, which has established itself as a republic, and an imperial army is forced to lay siege to the city until August 1530 to achieve success.