Editors. "Florence is restored to the Medicis by imperial troops". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14448, accessed 21 December 2014.]
Florence had undergone a revolution in May 1527, in which it had expelled its Medici rulers, nephews of the Pope Clement VII, and re-established a republican government. However, in the treaty that concluded the War of the League of Cognac in June, Charles V pledged to restore and uphold the Medici rule in the city. The family encountered popular opposition to their restoration, and it was only in August 1530, after a siege of ten months, that Florence was restored to the Medici.
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