Editors. "France and Turkey sign an alliance and a commercial treaty". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14538, accessed 25 July 2014.]
France signs an offensive and defensive alliance with the Ottoman Turks, focused against their common enemy Emperor Charles V. At the time, this treaty across religious boundaries was viewed as scandalous and opportunistic in Europe, at a time when the Pope was still calling for the continent's powers to rally together in a crusade against the Turkish 'infidels'.
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.