Editors. "Francis I signs a fresh alliance with Sultan Suleiman I". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14555, accessed 11 December 2013.]
Francis I signs a fresh alliance with the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I. When this treaty across religious boundaries was first made the previous year, it was viewed in Europe as scandalous and opportunistic; this was a time when the Pope was still calling for the continent's powers to rally together in a crusade against the Turkish 'infidels'.