Lollards, Lollardy

(3207 words)
  • Michelle M. Sauer (University of North Dakota)

Historical Context Essay

“Lollards” is the name generally given to a heretical movement of late medieval England (ca. 1382-1430 CE) based on the ideas of Oxford theologian John Wyclif, although it was also used for a group of German sectaries. The origins of the name are unknown. Scholars speculate that it may have originated from the Middle Dutch word “lollaert” which means “mutter” or “mumble”, and which could be connected to the sect’s eventual style of worship, based on reading scriptures aloud. Other possibilities include a derivation of the word “lullaby”, which is related to canters, “lollium”, a word of Flemish origin that is related to hypocrisy, “lollen”, which is related to the English term “lull”, or even the verb …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Sauer, Michelle M.. "Lollards, Lollardy". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 10 January 2007
[, accessed 28 September 2016.]

Related Groups

  1. Religious Reform, Protestants, Dissenters