National Gallery built in Trafalgar Square

(171 words)
  • Editors

Literary/ Cultural Context Note

In the second half of the eighteenth century, many other European states established national art collections, mainly by nationalising the private collections of royal or princely families. These included the Uffizi gallery in Florence, the Bavarian royal collection now in the Alte Pinakothek in Munich, and the Louvre in Paris. British had no comparable collection, but in 1824, the opportunity emerged to buy the art collection of a deceased Russian ÈmigrÈ, John Julius Angerstein. The cause was championed in Parliament by Whig politician George Agar Ellis, and eventually a law was passed establishing a National Gallery. It was first opened in Angerstein's former house on Pall Mall, but was soon forced to move to temporary accommodation.…

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.

Citation:
Editors. "National Gallery built in Trafalgar Square". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 August 2013
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=147, accessed 26 November 2014.]