Editors. "Schmalkaldic strongholds submit to Charles V". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14749, accessed 26 April 2015.]
The city of Ulm, which had been a stronghold of the Schmalkaldic League, submits to the forces of Charles V. On 29th, Frankfurt does the same, in a series of defeats for the League.
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