Editors. "The Netherlands are made independent of the Empire". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14791, accessed 16 April 2014.]
The seventeen provinces of the Netherlands, which had been integrated into the Burgundian Circle of the Holy Roman Empire only the previous year, are now made independent of the Empire, forming a Circle of their own. The Emperor Charles V remains in the Netherlands for the entire year.