Editors. "Pope Paul IV refuses to acknowledge Ferdinand I". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14935, accessed 28 April 2015.]
Pope Paul IV, asserting his historic right to appoint the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, refuses to acknowledge Ferdinand I as Emperor.
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