Refrigerated shipment of meat from New Zealand to Britain

(107 words)
  • Editors

Historical Context Note

The first refrigerated shipment of meat from New Zealand reached Britain on a ship called the Dunedin in 1882. Agriculture in New Zealand was dominated by sheep-farming, but in the 1880s the wool market was not very profitable. By contrast, Britain's rapid rise in urban population had meant that demand for meat was outrunning supply. A previous attempt at bringing refrigerated meat from the Antipodes had been undertaken in 1876, on the Northam, but when the refrigeration equiment broke, the whole cargo was ruined. The successful voyage in 1880, using a Bell-Coleman compression refrigeration machine, gave a valuable impetus to the New Zealand lamb and mutton industry, which continues today.

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.

Citation:
Editors. "Refrigerated shipment of meat from New Zealand to Britain". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 August 2013
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1495, accessed 24 November 2014.]