Editors. "Margaret of Parma resigns the regency of the Netherlands". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15065, accessed 06 December 2013.]
Charles V's daughter Margaret of Parma, who has acted as regent of the Netherlands for the past eight years, resigns this position to the Duke of Alva, who begins a repressive regime against the Protestant population, forcing Calvinist to flee to England.