Editors. "The Duke of Alva defeats Louis of Nassau at Jemmingen". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15078, accessed 18 April 2014.]
The Duke of Alva, Governor of the Netherlands, defeats Louis of Nassau, the younger brother of William the Silent, at the Battle of Jemmingen. Alva returns in triumph to Utrecht while his army plunders the area.